Eight long years of drought preceded by inappropriate cultivation technique and the financial crises of the great depression forced many farmers off the land abandoning their fields throughout the great plains that. The period is also known as the dirty thirties for it took place in 1930s.
The dust bowl was a series severe dust storms that affected 100 000 000 acres of the american prairie caused by drought and poor farming techniques.
Dust bowl 1930 america facts. Where was the dust bowl. Severe drought and a failure to apply dryland farming methods to prevent the aeolian processes caused the phenomenon. Dust bowl fact 4.
An extreme drought might occur once every 20 years. In 1952 another major drought hit the usa and started a 5 year period known as the filthy fifties and the mid 1970s and the late 1990s also had droughts that sometimes caused dust storms. Facts about dust bowl highlight the period of severe dust storms which occurred in united states.
Here are only a few of them. Surprisingly dust bowl facts reveal that the 1930s dust bowl was not the only dust storm period in the history of the usa. The dust bowl extended across the prairie states of north and south dakota nebraska colorado kansas oklahoma new mexico and texas.
The dust bowl of the 1930s kaushik patowary sep 26 2017 1 comments the 1930s were some of the driest years in american history. Drought plagued the mid west from 1934 to 1940. While black blizzards constantly menaced plains states in the 1930s a massive dust storm 2 miles high traveled 2 000 miles before.
The dust bowl had many causes and effects. The term dust bowl was suggested by conditions that struck the region in the early 1930s. 20 tragic photos from america s dust bowl in the 1930s.
The area s grasslands had supported mostly stock raising until world war i when millions of acres were put under the plow in order to grow wheat following years of overcultivation and generally poor land management in the 1920s the region which receives an average rainfall of less than 20 inches. The dust bowl was a period of severe dust storms that greatly damaged the ecology and agriculture of the american and canadian prairies during the 1930s. The disaster mainly affected the prairies in canada and agriculture and ecology of united states.
The drought came in three waves 1934 1936 and 1939 1940 but some regions of the high plains experienced drought conditions for as many as eight years. With insufficient understanding of the ecology of the plains. Although cable news and the internet weren t around to sensationalize the prolonged event the great plains and southern plains were devastated by the damage.
The dust bowl of the 1930s stands as the united states worst environmental disaster in history. The series of 1930s droughts were accompanied by wind erosion that caused terrible dust storms which had never before been witnessed in american history. One monster dust storm reached the atlantic ocean.